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Charlie Papavizas

Partner in Washington, DC

Chair, Maritime Practice

Admissions

  • District of Columbia

Education

Languages

  • Greek

Charlie Papavizas focuses his practice on administrative, legislative, and finance matters, primarily in the maritime industry generally and the U.S. offshore wind industry in particular. He has been actively engaged in the U.S. offshore wind sector since 2009 and counsels numerous clients working in various aspects of the industry, including obtaining the first Jones Act offshore wind-related ruling in 2010.

Charlie is frequently consulted on the application of U.S.-flag laws and regulations, particularly the application of U.S. coastwise laws (“Jones Act”) to cargo, passenger, and vessel movements and investments in U.S. companies.

He has extensive experience in advocacy on behalf of maritime clients before various federal agencies, including the U.S. Coast Guard, the U.S. Maritime Administration, and the U.S. Congress. Such clients have included U.S. and foreign vessel owners and operators, industrial companies, private equity firms, commercial banks and other financial institutions, shipyards, ship managers, and marine equipment suppliers.

Experience

Recent projects in which Charlie has been active include:

  • The sale and charter of U.S.-flag tank vessels for BP America Inc.
  • U.S. citizenship advice with respect to the whole company asset financing of Centerline Logistics Corporation.
  • Advice to Oaktree Capital Management, L.P. with respect to its investment in Rand Logistics, Inc.
  • Representation of lenders in connection with the restructurings of several U.S.-flag Jones Act companies.
  • Multiple litigation and arbitrations on behalf of Liberty Maritime Corporation with respect to its collective bargaining agreements.
  • Representation of multiple offshore companies in every sector of the offshore wind industry in the U.S. market. 

Honors & Awards

Charlie has been recognized for shipping and maritime law by Chambers USA since 2005 (including a Star Individual ranking, 2017-2021), as well as for Admiralty and Maritime Law by The Best Lawyers in America® since 2008. Charlie has also been recognized as a leading lawyer in the field of Transport – Shipping Regulation by The Legal 500 United States in the 2018-2021 editions. Winston’s admiralty and maritime group has been recognized by U.S. News & World Report - Best Lawyers as “Law Firm of the Year” in Admiralty & Maritime Law,and Chambers USA 2020 refers to the group as “masters of maritime law.”

Activities

Charlie has served as Chair of the Subcommittee on Coast Guard Documentation and U.S. Citizenship Matters, Marine Finance Committee, The Maritime Law Association of the United States since August 2017. Charlie also serves on the editorial board of the Journal of Maritime Law and Commerce and has been a Member of the American Bureau of Shipping since 2015. He previously served as a member of the board of governors of the District of Columbia Port, Propeller Club of the United States (1996-2002).

Credentials

Charlie received a B.A. in Government from Georgetown University in 1978, a M.A. in International Affairs from Columbia University in 1981, and a J.D., with honors, from the George Washington University National Law Center in 1984.

Publications & Speaking Engagements

Charlie has published a number of articles on a wide range of maritime topics, including “The Story of the Jones Act” and “Jones Act Waivers” in Tulane Maritime Law Journal; “What CBP's Jones Act Changes Mean For Offshore Industries” in Law360; “NY Offshore Wind Plan Spotlights Jones Act Compliance” in Law360; “Last Port of Call for the U.S. Merchant Marine?” in Maritime Reporter & Engineering News; “New Leasing Accounting Rules May Impact Jones Act Vessel Financing,” in Marine Money; and “Working with the Jones Act in the Offshore Wind Industry,” in Offshore Wind Journal.

Charlie also is a frequent speaker at conferences. Some of his recent topics include “U.S. Offshore Regulatory Update,” April 2021, Danish Shipping; “Offshore Wind Under the New Administration: Federal Policy Update,” January 2021, The Business Network for Offshore Wind Webinar; “U.S. Offshore Wind Market Update,” February 2020, Offshore Wind Journal Offshore Wind Conference; “Current State of the U.S. Offshore Wind Market,” November 2018, New York City Bar Admiralty Committee Meeting; “Preparing Ports for Staging Offshore Wind” and “Developing Jones Act Compliant Marine Logistics Capabilities,” September 2018, Infocast Offshore Wind Implementation Conference; “Puerto Rico and The Jones Act," May 2018, Marine Log’s Tugs & Barges Conference; “Restructuring in the Offshore Sector,” May 2018, Marine Money Houston Offshore Finance Forum; “Equity Investments in the Offshore Wind (OSW) Sector,”  April 2018, Offshore Wind Finance Forum hosted by the Business Network for Offshore Wind; “Policy and Regulation: What’s in Store in the Era of Trump,” September 2017, Jones Act Shipping Forum; “Reinterpreting the Jones Act for Offshore Construction Vessels,” May 2017, Marine Money’s Houston Offshore Finance Forum.

Charlie Papavizas

Partner in Washington, DC

Chair, Maritime Practice

Charlie Papavizas focuses his practice on administrative, legislative, and finance matters, primarily in the maritime industry generally and the U.S. offshore wind industry in particular. He has been actively engaged in the U.S. offshore wind sector since 2009 and counsels numerous clients working in various aspects of the industry, including obtaining the first Jones Act offshore wind-related ruling in 2010.

Charlie is frequently consulted on the application of U.S.-flag laws and regulations, particularly the application of U.S. coastwise laws (“Jones Act”) to cargo, passenger, and vessel movements and investments in U.S. companies.

He has extensive experience in advocacy on behalf of maritime clients before various federal agencies, including the U.S. Coast Guard, the U.S. Maritime Administration, and the U.S. Congress. Such clients have included U.S. and foreign vessel owners and operators, industrial companies, private equity firms, commercial banks and other financial institutions, shipyards, ship managers, and marine equipment suppliers.

Honors and Awards

Chambers USA
Chambers and Partners
Best Lawyers
The Best Lawyers in America©
Who’s Who Legal
Law Business Research Ltd
Leading Lawyer
World’s Leading Shipping and Maritime Lawyers
Admiralty &
Maritime Law
Law Firm of
the Year
U.S. News & World Report Best Lawyers 
Legal
500
The Legal 500 United States
Leading Lawyer
The Legal 500 U.S.

Charlie has been recognized for shipping and maritime law by Chambers USA since 2005 (including a Star Individual ranking, 2017-2021), as well as for Admiralty and Maritime Law by The Best Lawyers in America® since 2008. Charlie has also been recognized as a leading lawyer in the field of Transport – Shipping Regulation by The Legal 500 United States in the 2018-2021 editions. Winston’s admiralty and maritime group has been recognized by U.S. News & World Report - Best Lawyers as “Law Firm of the Year” in Admiralty & Maritime Law,and Chambers USA 2020 refers to the group as “masters of maritime law.”

Activities

Charlie has served as Chair of the Subcommittee on Coast Guard Documentation and U.S. Citizenship Matters, Marine Finance Committee, The Maritime Law Association of the United States since August 2017. Charlie also serves on the editorial board of the Journal of Maritime Law and Commerce and has been a Member of the American Bureau of Shipping since 2015. He previously served as a member of the board of governors of the District of Columbia Port, Propeller Club of the United States (1996-2002).

Charlie received a B.A. in Government from Georgetown University in 1978, a M.A. in International Affairs from Columbia University in 1981, and a J.D., with honors, from the George Washington University National Law Center in 1984.

Education

George Washington University
JD, 1984
Columbia University
MA, 1981
Georgetown University
BA, 1978

Admissions

DC
District of Columbia

Languages

el
Greek

Recent projects in which Charlie has been active include:

  • The sale and charter of U.S.-flag tank vessels for BP America Inc.
  • U.S. citizenship advice with respect to the whole company asset financing of Centerline Logistics Corporation.
  • Advice to Oaktree Capital Management, L.P. with respect to its investment in Rand Logistics, Inc.
  • Representation of lenders in connection with the restructurings of several U.S.-flag Jones Act companies.
  • Multiple litigation and arbitrations on behalf of Liberty Maritime Corporation with respect to its collective bargaining agreements.
  • Representation of multiple offshore companies in every sector of the offshore wind industry in the U.S. market. 

Charlie has published a number of articles on a wide range of maritime topics, including “The Story of the Jones Act” and “Jones Act Waivers” in Tulane Maritime Law Journal; “What CBP's Jones Act Changes Mean For Offshore Industries” in Law360; “NY Offshore Wind Plan Spotlights Jones Act Compliance” in Law360; “Last Port of Call for the U.S. Merchant Marine?” in Maritime Reporter & Engineering News; “New Leasing Accounting Rules May Impact Jones Act Vessel Financing,” in Marine Money; and “Working with the Jones Act in the Offshore Wind Industry,” in Offshore Wind Journal.

Charlie also is a frequent speaker at conferences. Some of his recent topics include “U.S. Offshore Regulatory Update,” April 2021, Danish Shipping; “Offshore Wind Under the New Administration: Federal Policy Update,” January 2021, The Business Network for Offshore Wind Webinar; “U.S. Offshore Wind Market Update,” February 2020, Offshore Wind Journal Offshore Wind Conference; “Current State of the U.S. Offshore Wind Market,” November 2018, New York City Bar Admiralty Committee Meeting; “Preparing Ports for Staging Offshore Wind” and “Developing Jones Act Compliant Marine Logistics Capabilities,” September 2018, Infocast Offshore Wind Implementation Conference; “Puerto Rico and The Jones Act," May 2018, Marine Log’s Tugs & Barges Conference; “Restructuring in the Offshore Sector,” May 2018, Marine Money Houston Offshore Finance Forum; “Equity Investments in the Offshore Wind (OSW) Sector,”  April 2018, Offshore Wind Finance Forum hosted by the Business Network for Offshore Wind; “Policy and Regulation: What’s in Store in the Era of Trump,” September 2017, Jones Act Shipping Forum; “Reinterpreting the Jones Act for Offshore Construction Vessels,” May 2017, Marine Money’s Houston Offshore Finance Forum.

Thought Leadership

Constantine Papavizas

Partner in Washington, DC

Admissions

  • District of Columbia

Charlie Papavizas is a partner of Winston & Strawn’s Washington, D.C. office who concentrates his practice in administrative and legislative matters, as well as corporate and financial matters, particularly in the maritime industry.

Charlie has extensive experience in monitoring and advocacy on behalf of maritime clients before various federal agencies, including the U.S. Coast Guard, the U.S. Maritime Administration, and the U.S. Congress. Such maritime clients have included U.S. and foreign vessel owners and operators, shipyards, ship managers, and marine equipment suppliers.

Certain legislative/regulatory transactions in which Mr. Papavizas has taken the lead include:

  • Defending funding for U.S. food aid and requirements for the use of U.S. flag vessels to carry food aid
  • Obtaining and defending the award of a Maritime Security Program agreement for a client in 2004/2005
  • Obtaining protections for clients involved in lease financing in the Coast Guard and Maritime Transportation Act of 2003 
  • Assisting a coalition of ship owners in obtaining a study requirement in the Maritime Security Act of 2003 
  • Proposing and advancing a provision in the Coast Guard Authorization Act of 1998 to prevent substandard vessels from carrying U.S. government cargoes 
  • Negotiating compromise provisions in the Maritime Security Act of 1996

Certain maritime financing transactions in which Mr. Papavizas has been active include: 

  • Financing three new bulk carriers for Liberty Shipping Group LLC 
  • Financing offshore supply vessels by Groupe Bourbon 
  • Acquisition of APL, Ltd. by Neptune Orient Lines, Ltd.
  • Reorganization of Lykes Bros Steamship Co. on behalf of First American Bulk Carrier Corporation 
  • Mergers of BP, plc with Amoco and ARCO 
  • Investment by Adsteam, Ltd. in Northland Holdings, Inc. 
  • Refinancing of the first Polar Tankers, Inc. North Slope tanker on behalf of Merrill Lynch
  • Financing of BP Amoco’s replacement of Alaska North Slope tankers

Experience

Recent projects in which Charlie has been active include:

  • The sale and charter of U.S.-flag tank vessels for BP America Inc.
  • U.S. citizenship advice with respect to the whole company asset financing of Centerline Logistics Corporation.
  • Advice to Oaktree Capital Management, L.P. with respect to its investment in Rand Logistics, Inc.
  • Representation of lenders in connection with the restructurings of several U.S.-flag Jones Act companies.
  • Multiple litigation and arbitrations on behalf of Liberty Maritime Corporation with respect to its collective bargaining agreements.
  • Representation of multiple offshore companies in every sector of the offshore wind industry in the U.S. market. 

Honors & Awards

Honors and Awards

Charlie has been recognized by Chambers USA from 2005—2013; in the 2008—2014 editions of Best Lawyers in America; in the 2007, 2008, and 2013 editions of Washington D.C.’s Best Lawyers; in the 2008 and 2009 editions of Who’s Who Legal for shipping and maritime law; and in the 2008 Guide to the World’s Leading Shipping and Maritime Lawyers.

Winston & Strawns admiralty and maritime group has been recognized by U.S. News and World Reports - Best Lawyers “Law Firm of the Year” in Admiralty & Maritime Law for 2011—2012.

Activities Charlie is a member of the firm's Technology Committee. Charlie also serves on the editorial board of the Journal of Maritime Law and Commerce. He previously served as a member of the board of governors of the District of Columbia Port, Propeller Club of the United States (1996—2002).

Education Charlie received a B.A. in Government from Georgetown University in 1978, a M.A. in International Affairs from Columbia University in 1981, and a J.D., with honors, from the George Washington University National Law Center in 1984.

Speeches and Publications

Charlie has published a number of articles on a wide range of maritime topics, including a bi-annual series of articles on U.S. maritime legislative developments in the Journal of Maritime Law and Commerce; “Is the Jones Act Redundant?” in the U. of San Francisco Maritime Law Journal; “U.S.-Flag Vessel Financing and Citizenship Requirements Update” in the Tulane Maritime Law Journal; “A Makeover For Investment Scrutiny” on Forbes.com; “Jones Act Hurricane Waivers” and “Lease Financing Goes Another Round” in Benedict’ s Maritime Bulletin, and “The Jones Act Foreign Mortgage Debate” in Marine Log.

Charlie also is a frequent speaker at conferences. Some of his topics were “Update on the Foreign Rebuild Controversy,” delivered to Marine Log’ s April 2008 and 2009 Tugs and Barges conferences; “Gulf of Mexico Offshore Installations and Maritime Security,” delivered to Marine Log’ s Maritime and Port Security 2008 Conference in January 2008; “Foreign Vessel Mortgages: Jones Act Loophole or Legitimate Financing Mechanism,” delivered to the Marine Log Tugs & Barges 2005 Conference & Expo in April 2005; “Foreign Lease Financing of Jones Act-Qualified U.S.-Flag Vessels” delivered to the Tulane Maritime Seminar in October 2003; “FPSO's and Shuttle Tankers: Legal and Policy Issues” delivered to the Marine Log Gulf Offshore Conference in June 2002; and “Recent Developments in Government Regulation of Ballast Water Discharges” delivered to the Panama Maritime 2002 Conference in February 2002.

Activities

Charlie has served as Chair of the Subcommittee on Coast Guard Documentation and U.S. Citizenship Matters, Marine Finance Committee, The Maritime Law Association of the United States since August 2017. Charlie also serves on the editorial board of the Journal of Maritime Law and Commerce and has been a Member of the American Bureau of Shipping since 2015. He previously served as a member of the board of governors of the District of Columbia Port, Propeller Club of the United States (1996-2002).

Credentials

Charlie received a B.A. in Government from Georgetown University in 1978, a M.A. in International Affairs from Columbia University in 1981, and a J.D., with honors, from the George Washington University National Law Center in 1984.

Publications & Speaking Engagements

Charlie has published a number of articles on a wide range of maritime topics, including “The Story of the Jones Act” and “Jones Act Waivers” in Tulane Maritime Law Journal; “What CBP's Jones Act Changes Mean For Offshore Industries” in Law360; “NY Offshore Wind Plan Spotlights Jones Act Compliance” in Law360; “Last Port of Call for the U.S. Merchant Marine?” in Maritime Reporter & Engineering News; “New Leasing Accounting Rules May Impact Jones Act Vessel Financing,” in Marine Money; and “Working with the Jones Act in the Offshore Wind Industry,” in Offshore Wind Journal.

Charlie also is a frequent speaker at conferences. Some of his recent topics include “U.S. Offshore Regulatory Update,” April 2021, Danish Shipping; “Offshore Wind Under the New Administration: Federal Policy Update,” January 2021, The Business Network for Offshore Wind Webinar; “U.S. Offshore Wind Market Update,” February 2020, Offshore Wind Journal Offshore Wind Conference; “Current State of the U.S. Offshore Wind Market,” November 2018, New York City Bar Admiralty Committee Meeting; “Preparing Ports for Staging Offshore Wind” and “Developing Jones Act Compliant Marine Logistics Capabilities,” September 2018, Infocast Offshore Wind Implementation Conference; “Puerto Rico and The Jones Act," May 2018, Marine Log’s Tugs & Barges Conference; “Restructuring in the Offshore Sector,” May 2018, Marine Money Houston Offshore Finance Forum; “Equity Investments in the Offshore Wind (OSW) Sector,”  April 2018, Offshore Wind Finance Forum hosted by the Business Network for Offshore Wind; “Policy and Regulation: What’s in Store in the Era of Trump,” September 2017, Jones Act Shipping Forum; “Reinterpreting the Jones Act for Offshore Construction Vessels,” May 2017, Marine Money’s Houston Offshore Finance Forum.

Constantine Papavizas

Partner in Washington, DC

Charlie Papavizas is a partner of Winston & Strawn’s Washington, D.C. office who concentrates his practice in administrative and legislative matters, as well as corporate and financial matters, particularly in the maritime industry.

Charlie has extensive experience in monitoring and advocacy on behalf of maritime clients before various federal agencies, including the U.S. Coast Guard, the U.S. Maritime Administration, and the U.S. Congress. Such maritime clients have included U.S. and foreign vessel owners and operators, shipyards, ship managers, and marine equipment suppliers.

Certain legislative/regulatory transactions in which Mr. Papavizas has taken the lead include:

  • Defending funding for U.S. food aid and requirements for the use of U.S. flag vessels to carry food aid
  • Obtaining and defending the award of a Maritime Security Program agreement for a client in 2004/2005
  • Obtaining protections for clients involved in lease financing in the Coast Guard and Maritime Transportation Act of 2003 
  • Assisting a coalition of ship owners in obtaining a study requirement in the Maritime Security Act of 2003 
  • Proposing and advancing a provision in the Coast Guard Authorization Act of 1998 to prevent substandard vessels from carrying U.S. government cargoes 
  • Negotiating compromise provisions in the Maritime Security Act of 1996

Certain maritime financing transactions in which Mr. Papavizas has been active include: 

  • Financing three new bulk carriers for Liberty Shipping Group LLC 
  • Financing offshore supply vessels by Groupe Bourbon 
  • Acquisition of APL, Ltd. by Neptune Orient Lines, Ltd.
  • Reorganization of Lykes Bros Steamship Co. on behalf of First American Bulk Carrier Corporation 
  • Mergers of BP, plc with Amoco and ARCO 
  • Investment by Adsteam, Ltd. in Northland Holdings, Inc. 
  • Refinancing of the first Polar Tankers, Inc. North Slope tanker on behalf of Merrill Lynch
  • Financing of BP Amoco’s replacement of Alaska North Slope tankers

Honors and Awards

Chambers USA
Chambers and Partners
Best Lawyers
The Best Lawyers in America©
Who’s Who Legal
Law Business Research Ltd
Leading Lawyer
World’s Leading Shipping and Maritime Lawyers
Admiralty &
Maritime Law
Law Firm of
the Year
U.S. News & World Report Best Lawyers 
Legal
500
The Legal 500 United States
Leading Lawyer
The Legal 500 U.S.

Honors and Awards

Charlie has been recognized by Chambers USA from 2005—2013; in the 2008—2014 editions of Best Lawyers in America; in the 2007, 2008, and 2013 editions of Washington D.C.’s Best Lawyers; in the 2008 and 2009 editions of Who’s Who Legal for shipping and maritime law; and in the 2008 Guide to the World’s Leading Shipping and Maritime Lawyers.

Winston & Strawns admiralty and maritime group has been recognized by U.S. News and World Reports - Best Lawyers “Law Firm of the Year” in Admiralty & Maritime Law for 2011—2012.

Activities Charlie is a member of the firm's Technology Committee. Charlie also serves on the editorial board of the Journal of Maritime Law and Commerce. He previously served as a member of the board of governors of the District of Columbia Port, Propeller Club of the United States (1996—2002).

Education Charlie received a B.A. in Government from Georgetown University in 1978, a M.A. in International Affairs from Columbia University in 1981, and a J.D., with honors, from the George Washington University National Law Center in 1984.

Speeches and Publications

Charlie has published a number of articles on a wide range of maritime topics, including a bi-annual series of articles on U.S. maritime legislative developments in the Journal of Maritime Law and Commerce; “Is the Jones Act Redundant?” in the U. of San Francisco Maritime Law Journal; “U.S.-Flag Vessel Financing and Citizenship Requirements Update” in the Tulane Maritime Law Journal; “A Makeover For Investment Scrutiny” on Forbes.com; “Jones Act Hurricane Waivers” and “Lease Financing Goes Another Round” in Benedict’ s Maritime Bulletin, and “The Jones Act Foreign Mortgage Debate” in Marine Log.

Charlie also is a frequent speaker at conferences. Some of his topics were “Update on the Foreign Rebuild Controversy,” delivered to Marine Log’ s April 2008 and 2009 Tugs and Barges conferences; “Gulf of Mexico Offshore Installations and Maritime Security,” delivered to Marine Log’ s Maritime and Port Security 2008 Conference in January 2008; “Foreign Vessel Mortgages: Jones Act Loophole or Legitimate Financing Mechanism,” delivered to the Marine Log Tugs & Barges 2005 Conference & Expo in April 2005; “Foreign Lease Financing of Jones Act-Qualified U.S.-Flag Vessels” delivered to the Tulane Maritime Seminar in October 2003; “FPSO's and Shuttle Tankers: Legal and Policy Issues” delivered to the Marine Log Gulf Offshore Conference in June 2002; and “Recent Developments in Government Regulation of Ballast Water Discharges” delivered to the Panama Maritime 2002 Conference in February 2002.

Activities

Charlie has served as Chair of the Subcommittee on Coast Guard Documentation and U.S. Citizenship Matters, Marine Finance Committee, The Maritime Law Association of the United States since August 2017. Charlie also serves on the editorial board of the Journal of Maritime Law and Commerce and has been a Member of the American Bureau of Shipping since 2015. He previously served as a member of the board of governors of the District of Columbia Port, Propeller Club of the United States (1996-2002).

Charlie received a B.A. in Government from Georgetown University in 1978, a M.A. in International Affairs from Columbia University in 1981, and a J.D., with honors, from the George Washington University National Law Center in 1984.

Education

George Washington University
1984

Admissions

DC
District of Columbia

Languages

el
Greek

Recent projects in which Charlie has been active include:

  • The sale and charter of U.S.-flag tank vessels for BP America Inc.
  • U.S. citizenship advice with respect to the whole company asset financing of Centerline Logistics Corporation.
  • Advice to Oaktree Capital Management, L.P. with respect to its investment in Rand Logistics, Inc.
  • Representation of lenders in connection with the restructurings of several U.S.-flag Jones Act companies.
  • Multiple litigation and arbitrations on behalf of Liberty Maritime Corporation with respect to its collective bargaining agreements.
  • Representation of multiple offshore companies in every sector of the offshore wind industry in the U.S. market. 

Charlie has published a number of articles on a wide range of maritime topics, including “The Story of the Jones Act” and “Jones Act Waivers” in Tulane Maritime Law Journal; “What CBP's Jones Act Changes Mean For Offshore Industries” in Law360; “NY Offshore Wind Plan Spotlights Jones Act Compliance” in Law360; “Last Port of Call for the U.S. Merchant Marine?” in Maritime Reporter & Engineering News; “New Leasing Accounting Rules May Impact Jones Act Vessel Financing,” in Marine Money; and “Working with the Jones Act in the Offshore Wind Industry,” in Offshore Wind Journal.

Charlie also is a frequent speaker at conferences. Some of his recent topics include “U.S. Offshore Regulatory Update,” April 2021, Danish Shipping; “Offshore Wind Under the New Administration: Federal Policy Update,” January 2021, The Business Network for Offshore Wind Webinar; “U.S. Offshore Wind Market Update,” February 2020, Offshore Wind Journal Offshore Wind Conference; “Current State of the U.S. Offshore Wind Market,” November 2018, New York City Bar Admiralty Committee Meeting; “Preparing Ports for Staging Offshore Wind” and “Developing Jones Act Compliant Marine Logistics Capabilities,” September 2018, Infocast Offshore Wind Implementation Conference; “Puerto Rico and The Jones Act," May 2018, Marine Log’s Tugs & Barges Conference; “Restructuring in the Offshore Sector,” May 2018, Marine Money Houston Offshore Finance Forum; “Equity Investments in the Offshore Wind (OSW) Sector,”  April 2018, Offshore Wind Finance Forum hosted by the Business Network for Offshore Wind; “Policy and Regulation: What’s in Store in the Era of Trump,” September 2017, Jones Act Shipping Forum; “Reinterpreting the Jones Act for Offshore Construction Vessels,” May 2017, Marine Money’s Houston Offshore Finance Forum.